- Alphabet poems
- Class on String Theory
Non-linear 2d writing systems
- Sai Emrys' term evokes the right things
- Minimal definition:
- Set of words that have more than two visual connections to other words with the connections themselves having some discrete meaning
- Maybe 'Branching writing systems'
'Non-linear 2d' sounds a little redundant, at first:
2d = not 1d
What does that exclude?
- Needs more than two (left-right/top-bottom)
- Phonetic (Latin,Korean)
- Ideographic (Chinese): Non-linear only at intra-word level
- LtR, RtL, boustrophodon (Akkadian, Tapissary [S. Travis])
- Disjoint, but not visually connected
- Structured/Hypertext (?Mezangelle [Mary-Anne Breeze] )
- Derrida's Glas, Word-Collages, etc.
- Needs Meaning
Motivations: Why go 2D?
- We see in 2D!
- Desegregate 'text' and 'diagrams'
- Fractal and map-like qualities (us const)
- Cluster information around one point
- Real World
- Diagrams/UML/Flow charts are not expressive enough
- User Interfaces at the language level
- *Several artists are here--and will present their work in more detail.
- Based on online materials
- they all have significant material/development beyond that
- Only a cursory understanding
Looking solely at their non-linear aspects and solutions
(Diana Reed Slattery*)
- 'Psychedelic language'
- Motivation: poetry, dance, word riddles
- Scaling (words inside other words)
- Multiple Intra-word connections to neighbors (contains meaning?)
- issue: coherency?
- General Purpose
- Motivation: 'extreme morpho-phonological conciseness'
translation: The incompetent tailor began crying after finding out about the clowns' new directive on nakedness.
- Iconographic sentences
- Orientation: local/global
- Words contained in syntactical context
- Shapes overlapping layers
- Branches: noun phrases, verbs, verbal markers
- General Purpose
- Motivation: 'sign language for a species with 7 communicating tentacles (+42 more)'
I go from home to the sunny beach
and the windy beach. That sunny
beach makes me happy.
- mark relations (prepositions)
- converses are mirror-images (orientation)
- e.g. source,agent,quality,instrument, patient,
destination, includes, end
- mark branch count/word (?postscribed)
- issues: crossing
- No phonetic counterpart
- Motivation: decorative writing system used by the cúsibe
You give me your big book.
I am writing a book about the Dutch language so that you may learn it.
- shapes indicate parts of speech and case/aspect/tense
- absolute orientation
- iconographic sentences (like Ilaksh)
- connectors separate 'words' from shapes
- issue: do joins scale? (babel)
- No phonetic counterpart (sign-language culture)
There is a home where I am.
(location,subject,reason for mentioning)
- branches on subordinate clauses
- also branches
- relative orientation
- Goal:Planar graph
- no shapes: connecting letters form 'spaces'
- intersections have more meaning (more ink, more content)
- issue: trap yourself? (+all the others: density,coherency,etc)
How to design a NL2DWS
- Points of freedom
- Challenges and Risks
Points of Freedom
- which 'level' to branch/merge
- What to branch? This is probably the heart of your design. Good candidates:
- conjunctions, tense, noun cases/prepositions, subordinate clauses
- 'pointers' allowed?
- author control: reading path, editability
- Spaces and/or lines (how to quote)
Challenges and Risks
- Crowding and scaling (babel)
- Collisions and Intersections
- Text Fragility
- Phonetic Mapping
Crowding and Scaling
- run out of space
- are symbols still legible at different scales?
- structural changes
- re-use material? (Heptapod B)
- rephrasal in order to fit (Knuth)
- Will influence design
- Branches turn into sentences/clauses